This way for Home Page

Science Social Subjects
ICT Technology
Health Education
 Home Page Site Guide Investigative
Strands & Targets
in Guidelines

Interactive Guidelines -
Knowledge & Understanding

Earth & Space
Earth in Space
D this is
Level E
 Home Page Access to other Strands & Attainment Outcomes Skills next strand in E & S Energy & Forces Living Things
Level E Learning activities e.g. Additional advice from
Guide for Teachers & Managers
Access this Target MenuES-E1.1

Target Menu from G18

Earth in Space

explain day, month and year in terms of the relative motion of the Sun, the Earth and the Moon

record the changes in shape of the Moon over a calendar month and use models to illustrate and explain the phases

use video or computer programmes to establish the difference between the 24-hour rotation and 365-day (approximate), orbit of the Earth

use a datalogger to collect data about temperature and light using a tilted globe

relate these measurements to seasonal changes

This is a challenging topic for pupils and teacher alike. The Moon orbits the spinning Earth that is itself in orbit round the Sun. Good evidence of these relationships comes from a solar eclipse, when Earth, Moon and Sun are aligned, with the Moon preventing sunlight from reaching us. For able pupils it is worth introducing the subject of gravitational effects on our oceans, so that when Sun and Moon pull from the same direction we get our largest tides. Similarly, the inclination of the Earth's axis can be introduced to explain seasons. There should be an appropriate emphasis on scale and pupils should be introduced to the use of light years to measure vast distances [the distance that light, travelling at 300,000 km per second (186,000 miles per second), covers in one year]. Light from the Sun takes only 8.3 minutes to reach Click here to go to the start of this Strandus, representing a very short distance in terms of space.
Access this Target MenuES-E1.2

Target Menu from G18

Earth in Space
describe the Universe in terms of stars, galaxies and black holes

use small research teams to gather information, each team to focus on one feature

find a way of displaying the salient features of stars, galaxies and black holes in order to distinguish between them.

During research, other familiar terms will be encountered - planets, moons, comets, asteroids, meteorites. This might help establish scale of the much larger stars and galaxies. For black holes the emphasis is on the dead star becoming smaller and smaller yet having a constant mass. Near the surface of the star there is a corresponding increase in gravitational pull, which eventually becomes so strong that Click here to go to the start of this Strandnot even light can escape. A black area with no escaping light is formed.

Earth & Space
Materials from Earth
D this is Level E F
 Home Page Access to other Strands & Attainment Outcomes Skills previous